Energy efficiency - a competitiveness driver
Metals production also uses a large amount of energy. For example, energy costs constitute up to 40% of total costs for aluminium production, and
36% for nickel production.2
To meet this challenge, Europe's metals industry has continued investment into lowering energy consumption through technology development and upgrading
of installations. We're now amongst the most efficient in the world.
REDUCTION IN ENERGY INTENSITY
These improvements drive our competitiveness, but scientific limits are now being reached. Chemical laws state that a minimum amount of electricity will
always be required for metals production.3
For example, zinc production has almost reached its maximum scientific efficiency.
PERCENTAGE OF MAXIMUM SCIENTIFIC EFFICIENCY
Further reductions will require significant investment and innovation to deploy breakthrough technologies